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Here is a table that shows all the named colors recognized by modern browsers and X11 systems. The name is printed in both black and white to help you decide which font color to choose.

AliceBlue AliceBlue
AntiqueWhite AntiqueWhite
Aqua Aqua
Aquamarine Aquamarine
Azure Azure
Beige Beige
Bisque Bisque
Black Black
BlanchedAlmond BlanchedAlmond
Blue Blue
BlueViolet BlueViolet
Brown Brown
BurlyWood BurlyWood
CadetBlue CadetBlue
Chartreuse Chartreuse
Chocolate Chocolate
Coral Coral
CornflowerBlue CornflowerBlue
Cornsilk Cornsilk
Crimson Crimson
Cyan Cyan
DarkBlue DarkBlue
DarkCyan DarkCyan
DarkGoldenrod DarkGoldenrod
DarkGray DarkGray
DarkGreen DarkGreen
DarkKhaki DarkKhaki
DarkMagenta DarkMagenta
DarkOliveGreen DarkOliveGreen
DarkOrange DarkOrange
DarkOrchid DarkOrchid
DarkRed DarkRed
DarkSalmon DarkSalmon
DarkSeaGreen DarkSeaGreen
DarkSlateBlue DarkSlateBlue
DarkSlateGray DarkSlateGray
DarkTurquoise DarkTurquoise
DarkViolet DarkViolet
DeepPink DeepPink
DeepSkyBlue DeepSkyBlue
DimGray DimGray
DodgerBlue DodgerBlue
FireBrick FireBrick
FloralWhite FloralWhite
ForestGreen ForestGreen
Fuchsia Fuchsia
Gainsboro Gainsboro
GhostWhite GhostWhite
Gold Gold
Goldenrod Goldenrod
Gray Gray
Green Green
GreenYellow GreenYellow
Honeydew Honeydew
HotPink HotPink
IndianRed IndianRed
Indigo Indigo
Ivory Ivory
Khaki Khaki
Lavender Lavender
LavenderBlush LavenderBlush
LawnGreen LawnGreen
LemonChiffon LemonChiffon
LightBlue LightBlue
LightCoral LightCoral
LightCyan LightCyan
LightGoldenrodYellow LightGoldenrodYellow
LightGreen LightGreen
LightGrey LightGrey
LightPink LightPink
LightSalmon LightSalmon
LightSeaGreen LightSeaGreen
LightSkyBlue LightSkyBlue
LightSlateGray LightSlateGray
LightSteelBlue LightSteelBlue
LightYellow LightYellow
Lime Lime
LimeGreen LimeGreen
Linen Linen
Magenta Magenta
Maroon Maroon
MediumAquamarine MediumAquamarine
MediumBlue MediumBlue
MediumOrchid MediumOrchid
MediumPurple MediumPurple
MediumSeaGreen MediumSeaGreen
MediumSlateBlue MediumSlateBlue
MediumSpringGreen MediumSpringGreen
MediumTurquoise MediumTurquoise
MediumVioletRed MediumVioletRed
MidnightBlue MidnightBlue
MistyRose MistyRose
Moccasin Moccasin
NavajoWhite NavajoWhite
Navy Navy
OldLace OldLace
Olive Olive
OliveDrab OliveDrab
Orange Orange
OrangeRed OrangeRed
Orchid Orchid
PaleGoldenrod PaleGoldenrod
PaleGreen PaleGreen
PaleTurquoise PaleTurquoise
PaleVioletRed PaleVioletRed
PapayaWhip PapayaWhip
PeachPuff PeachPuff
Peru Peru
Pink Pink
Plum Plum
PowderBlue PowderBlue
Purple Purple
Red Red
RosyBrown RosyBrown
RoyalBlue RoyalBlue
SaddleBrown SaddleBrown
Salmon Salmon
SandyBrown SandyBrown
SeaGreen SeaGreen
Seashell Seashell
Sienna Sienna
Silver Silver
SkyBlue SkyBlue
SlateBlue SlateBlue
SlateGray SlateGray
Snow Snow
SpringGreen SpringGreen
SteelBlue SteelBlue
Tan Tan
Teal Teal
Thistle Thistle
Tomato Tomato
Turquoise Turquoise
Violet Violet
Wheat Wheat
White White
WhiteSmoke WhiteSmoke
Yellow Yellow
YellowGreen YellowGreen

Colors.pl Edit

The table above was written by a simple perl script called colors.pl and a plain text file that lists all 139 named colors, each on its own line with no spaces:

AliceBlue
AntiqueWhite
Aqua
Aquamarine
Azure
Beige
Bisque
Black
BlanchedAlmond
Blue
BlueViolet
Brown
BurlyWood
CadetBlue
Chartreuse
Chocolate
Coral
CornflowerBlue
Cornsilk
Crimson
Cyan
DarkBlue
DarkCyan
DarkGoldenrod
DarkGray
DarkGreen
DarkKhaki
DarkMagenta
DarkOliveGreen
DarkOrange
DarkOrchid
DarkRed
DarkSalmon
DarkSeaGreen
DarkSlateBlue
DarkSlateGray
DarkTurquoise
DarkViolet
DeepPink
DeepSkyBlue
DimGray
DodgerBlue
FireBrick
FloralWhite
ForestGreen
Fuchsia
Gainsboro
GhostWhite
Gold
Goldenrod
Gray
Green
GreenYellow
Honeydew
HotPink
IndianRed
Indigo
Ivory
Khaki
Lavender
LavenderBlush
LawnGreen
LemonChiffon
LightBlue
LightCoral
LightCyan
LightGoldenrodYellow
LightGreen
LightGrey
LightPink
LightSalmon
LightSeaGreen
LightSkyBlue
LightSlateGray
LightSteelBlue
LightYellow
Lime
LimeGreen
Linen
Magenta
Maroon
MediumAquamarine
MediumBlue
MediumOrchid
MediumPurple
MediumSeaGreen
MediumSlateBlue
MediumSpringGreen
MediumTurquoise
MediumVioletRed
MidnightBlue
MistyRose
Moccasin
NavajoWhite
Navy
OldLace
Olive
OliveDrab
Orange
OrangeRed
Orchid
PaleGoldenrod
PaleGreen
PaleTurquoise
PaleVioletRed
PapayaWhip
PeachPuff
Peru
Pink
Plum
PowderBlue
Purple
Red
RosyBrown
RoyalBlue
SaddleBrown
Salmon
SandyBrown
SeaGreen
Seashell
Sienna
Silver
SkyBlue
SlateBlue
SlateGray
Snow
SpringGreen
SteelBlue
Tan
Teal
Thistle
Tomato
Turquoise
Violet
Wheat
White
WhiteSmoke
Yellow
YellowGreen

If you want to play with these colors, copy the list and save it in your working directory as NamedColors.txt

Now, in that same directory, make a new file called colors.pl or whatever you like. Start with the usual opening line:

#!/usr/bin/perl -w

The -w switch tells your compiler to warn you of errors in your syntax.

# colors.pl - a simple script for handling named colors.

It's nice to add the script's filename and a brief description of what it does.

open (COLORS, "NamedColors.txt") or die;
@Colors=<COLORS>;
close COLORS;

We open (read-only) the bare list of NamedColors and slurp it into an array, @Colors. We do this via a filehandle called <COLORS>. Then we close the unaltered file.

Now we use a foreach loop statement to break each $color out of @Colors and wrap it in wiki syntax for tables, stuffing each color into a new array, @NamedColors:

foreach $color (@Colors) {
	chomp$color;
	@NamedColors=("@NamedColors",
	"\n|- style=\"background:$color\"",
	"\n|style=\"color:black\"|$color",
	"\n|style=\"color:white\"|$color")
	}

Notice that the "s (double quotes) for the style attributes in the wiki syntax must be escaped with \s (backslashes).

The colors.pl script produces wiki table syntax foreach color appending @NamedColors with:

|- style="background:AliceBlue" 
|style="color:black"|AliceBlue	 
|style="color:white"|AliceBlue

When the loop has iterated the whole list, we now use a new file handle COLORTABLE to hold and print the newly composed table rows and cells:

open (COLORTABLE, ">ColorTable.txt") or die;
print {COLORTABLE} "@NamedColors";
close COLORTABLE;

The open statement this time is write-enabled (>). The colors.pl script has now created a new file in your working directory – ColorTable.txt

You can add a little confirmation message at the end:

print "\n A file: ColorTable.txt
has been written to your working directory\n";

To run the script make sure you have NamedColors.txt in your current working directory - the same directory from which you run colors.pl. In a terminal, you type: perl colors.pl

Now you can open ColorTable.txt and enclose it with <tt> and </tt>. Once you get the hang of it, you can make all sorts of nifty tools for manipulating colors with wiki syntax and perl scripts.

Your turn Edit

Too advanced? See Scripting. Too simple? See POE or help with CPAN!

Problems, questions, ideas, comments? Let us know!

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